Sunday, November 4, 2007

台灣和香港人的閱讀習慣 + 美國人 (Taiwanese and HKers' reading habit) + American

Lib News 圖書館資訊網誌 - 450萬成人不看書,台灣怎來競爭力
http://www.wretch.cc/blog/libnews&article_id=18569988


全國高達25.4%成年人完全不看書、而高達25.5%的人很少看書

若果書的意思不包括雜誌、漫畫與考試用書,那香港的數字就更可悲,高達「四成二 (42.4%) 的被訪者表示沒有閱讀其他書報的習慣」。

If magazines, comic books and reference books for examination are excluded from book's definition, it is very sad to see how poor the figure reflects the reading culture in Hong Kong, as high as 42.4% interviewees have no habit in reading other books and journals.

平均一年只花1375元買書,遠落後香港5855元... 若把雜誌、漫畫與考試用書排除後,台灣民眾平均一年買4.18本書

新台幣 $1,375 --> 港幣 $326.34 (用港台資料得出的匯價)
新台幣 $5,855 --> 港幣 $1,389.6 (港台資料 $115.8 x 12)

Taiwan New Dollars 1,375 --> Hong Kong Dollars 326.34 (Use the exchange rate from RTHK data)
Taiwan New Dollars 5,855 --> Hong Kong Dollars 1,389.6 (RTHK data $115.8 x 12)

以每本書港幣 78 元來計算,即 4.18 vs. 17.78,香港人有那麼喜歡閱讀嗎?

Calculating by HK$ 78 per book in average, which is 4.18 v.s 17.78, do Hong Kong people like to read that much?

當然沒有。「有閱讀其他書報的習慣的被訪者,平均一星期用於閱讀其他書報的時間為 6.1小時,平均一個月用於購買其他書報的金錢為 $115.8。」,由此可見,平均一年花新台幣 $5,855 買書的是「有閱讀其他書報的習慣的被訪者」,跟台灣以整體方式來計算不同。若將四成二 (42.4%) 「沒有閱讀其他書報的習慣的被訪者」列入計算,香港人平均一年花港幣 $800 才對,即 10 本書左右。不過我很懷疑這個數字,因為台灣最愛買書的一眾月收入過7萬的人士每年買書也只有8.9本,而且根據《遠見》的調查發現,學歷愈高的人買書量愈多,要研究所以上學歷的人每年才會買近 10 本書,香港人應該不會個個都有台灣持碩士學歷的人的閱讀興趣吧。

Of course not, "for those interviewees who have read other books and journals, they use 6.1 hours in reading per week in average. The average expense on buying them is $115.8 monthly.". As we can see, spending TWD 5,855 on books yearly are those interviewees who have read other books and journals, it is different from the Taiwan data which is integral, covering Taiwanese who like or dislike reading. After adding 42.4% "interviewee who never read" into calculation, HKer's average expense on books should be HK$800, which is about 10 books. But I suspect this figure as top group of book lovers in Taiwan, whose monthly salary is over 70k, purchase only 8.9 books per person annually. Besides, according to the survey held by "Global View Magazine", people who have higher academic qualification buy more books. Only people who have studied graduate school would buy nearly 10 books per year. Hong Kong should not have all residents having reading habit as a master degree holder in Taiwan.

台灣每位民眾平均每週閱讀時間2.72小時,平均每天只花23分鐘看書

換句話說,台灣人平均每天用一程車的時間看書,香港「有閱讀其他書報的習慣的被訪者」的就用兩程 (52 分鐘),但因為有四成二 (42.4%) 的被訪者表示沒有閱讀其他書報的習慣,所以平均數還不是跟台灣的差不多 (30 分鐘 vs. 23 分鐘)?

In other words, Taiwanese use one way transport time reading everyday, whereas "those interviewees who have read other books and journals" have the time double (52 mins). However, since there are 42.4% interviewees who never read, therefore, the average time is more or less the same as Taiwanese (30 mins vs. 23 mins)?

調查顯示,若不含雜誌、漫畫與考試用書在內,國人一個月平均只看1.72本書

跟它以 400 分鐘一本書來計,港人也只不過一個月平均看 2.2 本書。

Use the same number as finishing a book in 400 mins, Hong Kong peple only read 2.2 books monthly.

花在看電視和上網的時間是看書的9倍 (3.5 小時左右)

香港方面沒有數字,就算是 3.5 小時也不為過 (咳咳﹗從我的角度)。

There is no data for Hong Kong. It is fine to spend 3.5 hours watching TV and going Online. (Cough! In my opinion).

既然「年輕世代已經習慣網路閱讀的模式」,那將電子書、網絡文章計算在內不是更能反映實際國/市民的閱讀時間嗎?

Since "new generation has already been familiar with online reading mode", would it not be more accurately reflect the real reading culture and habit in the country/city/community by counting in reading electronic books and online articles?

目前正處於大學與研究所階段的18歲到24歲年輕人,上網已經取代電視,成為最大的休閒活動。

Read/WriteWeb 昨天也出了一篇

Read/WriteWeb has an article posted yesterday

Read/WriteWeb - Is the TV Channel Dead?
http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/is_the_tv_channel_dead.php

Taiwan 2.0 - 不看報紙和電視,還是能知天下事
http://taiwan.chtsai.org/2006/08/30/bu_kan_baozhi_he_dianshi/

電視會出現的網絡也可以出現,那電視想不成為古董也難。

What is showed on TV can also be seen on internet. Television becomes antique is just a matter of time.

文章最岩聽的當然是台北教育大學幼教系兼任講師柯倩華的一句「學校教育把國人的閱讀胃口打壞了,讀書成為一件很煩的事情,」,簡直擊中學校教育的要害。將之搬到香港也一樣,港人「從小就被繁重的課程壓得喘不過氣來,一旦沒有課業壓力,就不會自動自發讀書。」。正因為現代教育某程度上不但無益,反而有害,激進的教育哲學家提倡 deschooling (去學校化) 也是有其理由的。

What is most meaningful in the article is what Ms Ke Qing-hua, Part-time Lecturer, Department of Early Childhood Education, National Taipei University of Education, said: "School education has spoiled Taiwanese's reading appetite. Reading has became an annoying thing.". It is a crucial point hitting hard on the school education. It can also be applied to Hong Kong. Hong Kong people "have been pressed by heavy curriculum so badly since childhood. Once they are released from the pressure, they do not have initiative to read.". As in certain degrees that current school education do not do good to students, even bad, radical education philosophists have their reasons to advocate deschooling.

Related readings

Read/WriteWeb - New Study Shows that Online Creativity and E-learning Popular with Kids
http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/nsba_study_shows_that_online_creativity_increasing.php



青少年是會主動學習和創造的,網絡就是現今他們非常喜歡逗留的一個世界。在這個接通全世界的網絡上,他們會閱讀、寫作、對話、搜集、分享、合作、創作等,這其實跟我們上一輩整天通山跑、周圍闖蕩差不多。

Teenagers are able to create and learn initiatively. Internet is the world they really love to stay on. They will read, write, converse, collect, share, cooperate, create on the internet connecting to the whole world. It is kinda like our older generation who ran on the hill and street the whole day.



Business Week - Chart: Who Participates And What People Are Doing Online
http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/07_24/b4038405.htm

Alan Poon's blog - Web 2.0 的參與度
http://alanpoon.wordpress.com/2007/07/08/web-20-的參與度/

所以閱讀應該無分 print 還是 non-print material,Ted 也引述 OCLC 的報告「圖書館應當尋找方法將用戶所需的資料提供給他們,而不是讓人們到圖書館去找」,圖書館有沒有人到訪根本不重要,尤其是網絡和電子化盛行後,最重要的是它能提供服務,而人們又可從服務中得益。

Hence, reading should not be divided into print or non-print material. Ted has quoted OCLC report "Library should find ways to provide information users need to them, whereas not asking them to find it in the library". It does not matter whether there are visitors, especially internet and digitalization are prevailing. The key is library can provide service than people can benefit from that.

Library Views 圖書館觀 - Google Library 融入館藏
http://libraryviews.blogsome.com/2007/08/07/566/
http://www.4shared.com/file/21460057/426a58ec/Google_Library_.html


Further readings

《遠見雜誌》[2007年08月號] - 一年只花1375元買書 450萬成人不看書,台灣怎來競爭力
http://www.gvm.com.tw/theme/catalog_inpage.asp?ser=13277

開心日報歡度開心閱讀暑期天 - 公佈調查報告看港人閱讀習慣
http://www.rthk.org.hk/press/chi/20050719_66_120541.html

香港電台 - 「開心日報-香港人閱讀習慣調查」資料撮要
http://www.rthk.org.hk/press/chi/attach/Surveysummery.htm

補充 [Supplement] (Mar 17, 2008)

The Guardian - Dawn of the digital natives
http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2008/feb/07/internet.literacy



National Endowment for the Arts - National Endowment for the Arts Announces New Reading Study
http://www.nea.gov/news/news07/TRNR.html



To Read or Not To Read: A Question of National Consequence (Full report)
http://www.nea.gov/research/ToRead.pdf







The photos above are From To Read or Not To Read (Research Report #47), courtesy of the National Endowment for the Arts

報告結論

In conclusion


  • Less reading for pleasure in late adolescence than in younger age groups



  • Declines in reading test scores among 17-year-olds and high school seniors in contrast to younger age groups and lower grade levels



  • Among high school seniors, a wider rift in the reading scores of advanced and deficient readers



  • A male-female gap in reading proclivity and achievement levels



  • A sharp divide in the reading skills of incarcerated adults versus non-prisoners



  • Greater academic, professional, and civic benefits associated with high levels of leisure reading and reading comprehension


via

HeyJude - Digital natives and their reading
http://heyjude.wordpress.com/2008/02/07/digital-natives-and-their-reading/

一如我之前所言

As what I have stated above

Alan Poon's Blog - 台灣和香港人的閱讀習慣
http://alanpoon.wordpress.com/2007/08/15/台灣和香港人的閱讀習慣/
既然「年輕世代已經習慣網路閱讀的模式」,那將電子書、網絡文章計算在內不是更能反映實際國/市民的閱讀時間嗎?


Since "new generation has already been familiar with online reading mode", would it not be more accurately reflect the real reading culture and habit in the country/city/community by counting in reading electronic books and online articles?


青少年是會主動學習和創造的,網絡就是現今他們非常喜歡逗留的一個世界。在這個接通全世界的網絡上,他們會閱讀、寫作、對話、搜集、分享、合作、創作等,這其實跟我們上一輩整天通山跑、周圍闖蕩差不多。


Teenagers are able to create and learn initiatively. Internet is the world they really love to stay on. They will read, write, converse, collect, share, cooperate, create on the internet connecting to the whole world. It is kinda like our older generation who ran on the hill and street the whole day.


份報告在 24 頁說明

It stated in the page 24 that

Unless “book-reading” is specifically mentioned, study results on voluntary reading should be taken as referencing all varieties of leisure reading (e.g., magazines, newspapers, online reading), and not books alone.


看來是一個突破,但為什麼數據會那麼不乎現實?還是說 online reading 在定義上有嚴重的分歧,以致有部分我認為屬閱讀的卻沒有列入計算之內?而報告沒有反映新閱讀模式對新一代的正面影響又是何解?

It seems like a breakthrough, but why the figure was so unrealistic? Or there is serious discrepancy in the definition of online reading so parts of what I thought should have belong to reading were not counted? Also, why the report did not reflect the positive impact of new reading mode to new generation?

相關閱讀

Related readings

A VC - What My Kids Tell Me About The Future of Media
http://avc.blogs.com/a_vc/2008/01/what-my-kids-te.html

Read/WriteWeb - New Study Shows that Online Creativity and E-learning Popular with Kids
http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/nsba_study_shows_that_online_creativity_increasing.php

Business Week - Chart: Who Participates And What People Are Doing Online
http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/07_24/b4038405.htm

PBS - FRONTLINE: growing up online
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/kidsonline/
Chapter 1: Living Their Lives Essentially Online


補充 [Supplement] (Mar 18, 2008)

ReadWriteWeb - Steve Jobs Was Only Half-Right: People Do Read - Even Kids - They Just Do It Online
http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/people_do_read_they_just_do_it_online.php

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Posted at

Alan Poon's Blog - 台灣和香港人的閱讀習慣
2007-08-15 5:09:12 pm
http://alanpoon.wordpress.com/2007/08/15/台灣和香港人的閱讀習慣/

Alan Poon's Blog - 網絡集錦
2008-02-08 11:27:38 am
http://alanpoon.wordpress.com/2008/02/08/網絡集錦-86/

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